Bolivia, officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia is alandlocked country located in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina to the south, Chile to the southwest, and Peru to the west. Before the European colonization, the Andean region of Bolivia was a part of the Inca Empire – the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The large number of different cultures within Bolivia has contributed greatly to a wide diversity in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.
Bolivia is located in central South America, bordered by Brazil to the north and east, with Paraguay and Argentina to the south, Chile to the southwest, and Peru to the west. The government is a Republic and a unitary state. The official language is Spanish and the currency is the Bolivian boliviano. Bolivia is one of the largest natural gas reserves in South America. There have approximately 5.4 cubic tomes of lithium which represents 50-70% of the world's reserves. For this reason, it is a land of natural resources envied by other countries. A majority of residents in Bolivia has no health insurance. They also have a problem occasionally with Yellow Fever outbreaks, so they require immunization proof in order to get a student visa.
Essential Facts about Bolivia
- The capital of Bolivia is Sucre.
- The population of Bolivia is 10.09 million.
- The currency is the Bolivian boliviano.
- The government is based on a presidential system, unitary state, Republic
- The official language is Spanish and Quechua
The climate in Bolivia varies drastically from one ecoregion to the other, from the tropics in the eastern llanos to the polar climates in the western Andes. The summers are warm and humid in the east and dry in the west. Rains often modify temperatures in the area. People like the variation in climates that can be found in various areas of Bolivia. Some areas consist of humid plains, others a cold desert area, and others a tropical rain forest. This wide diversity of climate appeals to residents and tourists alike who wish to experience different climates in one place.
The official currency of Bolivia is the Bolivian boliviano; it is divided into 100 subunits called centavos. In 2010, the total GDP was $19 trillion. The economy in Bolivia is in good shape for the most part, mostly due to the rich natural reserves and natural resources available. They also import and export a large number of goods to and from the country, making them a highly progressive country of industry in the western world.
Christianity is the predominant religion in Bolivia with a very low incidence of Jewish, Islamic, or other religions. Regarding the breakdown of specific Christian religions, 78% are Roman Catholic, 19% Protestant, and 3% different Christian beliefs. The number of Catholics is higher in urban areas than in rural regions. There is a constitutional law that honors freedom of religion in Bolivia and it is a secular state.
Study in Bolivia
There have been a lot of changes in higher education in Bolivia over the past few years. There are 7 major public autonomous universities and the Bolivian Technological Institute, which was established in 1962. Most of the colleges and universities focus on the liberal arts such as Education, Engineering, Medicine, and the sciences. But there are also a wide variety of other career choices which can be focused on in college, including Fine Arts, Music, Art, and others.
Popular Universities in Bolivia
One of the most popular universities in Bolivia is the Universidad San Francisco Xavier de Chuquisaca. They are known for concentrated study in the areas of Agriculture, Engineering, and Education, as well as others. There are many other public and private universities which feature programs focusing on a variety of coursework, including Agriculture, Engineering, Education, and the Arts. Other universities include the Universidad de San Andreas in La Paz and the Universidad Nur in Santa Cruz de Sierra. There are many different schools to choose from focusing on a variety of coursework which can fit the needs of anyone wishing to further their education in Bolivia.
Fees vary according to the specific program someone is enrolled in but costs of tuition are generally average when compared to other countries which offer similar programs of study. Tuition generally compares to admission in a mid range European or American school or university. But international students will pay more than residents.
Eligibility for Student Visas
In order to qualify for a student visa in Bolivia, the following requirements must be met:
- a passport that is valid for 6 months
- a criminal record certificate from Interpol
- a residence record certificate
- an official medical certificate with immunization proof
- admission to a university, school, or college or a study certificate from an approved institute of higher learning
Why Study in Bolivia?
Bolivia is a good place to study for a number of reasons. One of these is the relatively low cost of living and the access to rigorous learning curriculums in the field of study. The environment and climate is diverse and offers a variety of weather which some people find refreshing. In addition, the atmosphere is diverse and multiethnic.
The society is a Democratic Republic with a diversity of cultures and educational choices. There are also many social interaction opportunities with college students around the year and the atmosphere is generally very friendly. Many of the career paths also offer a real-world opportunity to practice what you have learned in the real world. There are many different learning opportunities one can experience while studying in Bolivia which will enrich their experience while learning in their specific field.
Another great aspect of studying abroad in Bolivia is the range of diverse experiences with other people. Students study shoulder-to-shoulder with artists and activists and get a first-hand look at the social and economic change that is occurring in the country right now. With such as up close and personal look at the dynamics that shape the country, with a focus on globalization and technology, the skills they come away with are valuable to their journey into their chosen field, as well as to their lives as a human being. While Bolivia currently faces many challenges as the world changes so rapidly, students who study in Bolivia can be a part of that change, and contribute to its success.